St. Michael’s neuroimaging technology allows researchers and clinicians a rare glimpse into the structure and function of the brain. As imaging technology continues to improve, scientists are gaining better insight into the structural and functional correlates of neurological diseases. This will allow for a better understanding of the underlying causes and progression of brain disorders, and provide a platform to study disease and treatment response. In addition to providing exquisite anatomic detail, current advanced imaging techniques allow scientists to noninvasively visualize physiological processes such as brain activation during tasks (e.g. gathering and interpreting information, generating responses, as well as creating and processing thoughts and emotions). These techniques will have profound implications on how researchers study the brain.