Joanna Sale

PhD, MSc



Please note: Dr. Sale is no longer accepting 2021 volunteers or summer student applications.

Dr. Joanna Sale is a clinical epidemiologist whose current interests are in evidence-to-care gaps in musculoskeletal conditions, the patient perspective, medication use, older adults with multiple chronic diseases, and behaviour change. She co-leads the evaluation of the provincial Fracture Screening and Prevention Program, a program within the Ontario Osteoporosis Strategy that is funded by the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care. While Sale’s main area of research is in bone health (patients with osteoporotic or fragility fractures), she is also involved in projects related to pain, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, mental health, asthma, kidney disease, and caregiving.

Dr. Sale’s program of research includes studies that examine topics such as patients’ understanding of risk, how patients navigate the health care system, patients’ experience of the clinical encounter, and how patients manage their health condition in a real world setting. She specializes in primary data collection.

Dr. Sale received her Masters of Science degree from the University of British Columbia, her PhD from McMaster University, and her Post-Doctorate from the University of Toronto.

 Selected Recent Publications

  1. Sale JEM, Yang A, Elliot-Gibson V, Jain R, Sujic R, Linton D, Weldon J, Frankel L, Bogoch E.  Patients 80+ have similar medication initiation rates to those 50-79 in Ontario FLS.  Osteoporosis International, in press.
  2. Saunders H, Sujic R, Bogoch E, Jain R, Jinah A, Elliot-Gibson V, Mendlowitz AB, Linton D, Inrig T, Isaranuwatchai W, Sale JEM.  Cost-utility of the Ontario Fracture Screening and Prevention Program.  Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (Am), in press.
  3. Rotondi N, Beaton D, Sujic R, Bogoch E, Inrig T, Linton D, Weldon J, Jain R, Sale JEM.  Factors associated with screening positive for high falls risk in fragility fracture patients: A cross-sectional study.  BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020;21:372.
  4. Sale JEM, Frankel L, Bogoch E, Gignac M, Hawker G, Elliot-Gibson V, Jain R, Funnell L.  Few fragility fracture patients perceive that their bone health is affected by their comorbidities and medications.  Osteoporosis International 2020;31(10):2047-2055.
  5. Sale JEM, Frankel L, Paiva J, Saini J, Hui S, McKinlay J, Sharma S, Cheng L, Bogoch E.  Having caregiving responsibilities affects management of fragility fractures and bone health.  Osteoporosis International 2020;31:1565-1572.
  6. Yu W, Linton D, Porteous J, Eatson H, Jain R, Sale JEM.  Is a “healthy diet” and a “calcium-rich diet” the same thing? Qualitative study examining perceptions of a calcium-rich diet in individuals who have received bone health education.  Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 2020;33:496-504.
  7. Linton D, Porteous J, Eatson H, Chepesiuk R, Long T, Inrig R, Frankel L, Jain R, Sale JEM.  Educational booklet reinforces knowledge of osteoporosis and influences intentions to improve bone health in previously diagnosed and treated patients.  Osteoporosis International 2020,31(9):1703-1711.
  8. Sale JEM, Marwah A, Naeem F, Yu W, Meadows L.  Evidence of patient beliefs, values and preferences is not provided in osteoporosis clinical practice guidelines.  Osteoporosis International 2019;30(7):1325-1337.
  9. Sale JEM, Gray M, Mancuso D, Inrig T, Boire G, Beaulieu M-C, Funnell L, Bogoch E.  Treatment recommendations based on fracture risk status are not consistently provided in osteoporosis guidelines.  Rheumatology International 2018;38(12):2193-2208.
  10. Sale JEM, Thielke S. Qualitative research is a fundamental scientific process.  Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2018;102:129-133.

Click here for a full listing of Dr. Sale’s publications.


Affiliations & Other Activities

  • Research Program Lead, Musculoskeletal Heath and Outcomes Research, St. Michael’s Hospital
  • Associate Professor, Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto
  • Associate Professor, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto
  • Full Member, School of Graduate Studies, University of Toronto
  • CIHR New Investigator (2014-2019)
  • Toronto Musculoskeletal Centre, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto
  • Fragility Fracture Network (Europe)
  • Canadian Fracture Liaison Service Network
  • Scientific Advisory Council, Osteoporosis Canada
  • Canadian MSK Rehab Research Network