Joao Rezende-Neto




Dr. Rezende Neto is a General/Trauma Acute care surgeon at St. Michael’s Hospital. He received his MD degree from the Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil. After completing residency in General Surgery and Trauma in Brazil, Dr. Rezende undertook a Trauma/Critical Care Fellowship at Boston University in the United States. He received his PhD from the Federal University of Minas Gerais sandwich program with the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center – Denver. He also completed a Post-Doctoral Research Fellowship at the University of Toronto. He has performed over 10000 surgical procedures during his 27 years as a surgeon.

Dr. Rezende Neto has two main lines of research and several publications. His basic science focus is on the inflammatory response to traumatic injuries and hemorrhage. He developed several animal models aimed at maintaining clinical relevance in the investigation of inflammation and coagulopathy in hemorrhagic shock. In addition to his basic science focus, Dr. Rezende Neto is an inventor of medical devices. He currently holds nine patents on surgical devices. His device to perform abdominal wall closure is currently under consideration for commercialization.

Recent Publications

  1. Brière, R, Émond, M, Benhamed, A, Blanchard, PG, Drolet, S, Habashi, R et al.. 2023 Canadian Surgery Forum: Sept. 20-23, 2023. Can J Surg. 2023;66 (6 Suppl 1):S54-S136. doi: 10.1503/cjs.014223. PubMed PMID:38173057 PubMed Central PMC10718225.
  2. Beyer, CA, Byrne, JP, Moore, SA, McLauchlan, NR, Rezende-Neto, JB, Schroeppel, TJ et al.. Predictors of initial management failure in traumatic hemothorax: A prospective multicenter cohort analysis. Surgery. 2023;174 (4):1063-1070. doi: 10.1016/j.surg.2023.06.030. PubMed PMID:37500410 .
  3. Naveed, A, Gomez, D, Rezende-Neto, J, Ahmed, N, Beckett, A. Advanced Non-compressible Torso Hemorrhage Management is Combat Casualty Care's Moon Shot. Mil Med. 2024;189 (3-4):59-61. doi: 10.1093/milmed/usad193. PubMed PMID:37279514 .
  4. Kirkpatrick, AW, Coccolini, F, Tolonen, M, Minor, S, Catena, F, Gois, E Jr et al.. The unrestricted global effort to complete the COOL trial. World J Emerg Surg. 2023;18 (1):33. doi: 10.1186/s13017-023-00500-z. PubMed PMID:37170123 PubMed Central PMC10173926.
  5. Nagrath, M, Bince, D, Rowsell, C, Polintan, D, Rezende-Neto, J, Towler, M et al.. Porcine liver injury model to assess tantalum-containing bioactive glass powders for hemostasis. J Mater Sci Mater Med. 2022;33 (6):53. doi: 10.1007/s10856-022-06674-3. PubMed PMID:35670885 PubMed Central PMC9174136.
  6. Cau, MF, Ali-Mohamad, N, Yeh, H, Baylis, JR, Peng, H, Gao, HZ et al.. Percutaneous delivery of self-propelling thrombin-containing powder increases survival from noncompressible truncal hemorrhage in a swine model of coagulopathy and hypothermia. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2022;93 (2S Suppl 1):S86-S93. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000003670. PubMed PMID:35545803 .
  7. Cau, MF, Ali-Mohamad, N, Baylis, JR, Zenova, V, Khavari, A, Peng, N et al.. Percutaneous delivery of self-propelling hemostatic powder for managing non-compressible abdominal hemorrhage: a proof-of-concept study in swine. Injury. 2022;53 (5):1603-1609. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2022.01.024. PubMed PMID:35067343 .
  8. Rezende-Neto, J, Doshi, S, Gomez, D, Camilotti, B, Marcuzzi, D, Beckett, A et al.. A novel inflatable device for perihepatic packing and hepatic hemorrhage control: A proof-of-concept study. Injury. 2022;53 (1):103-111. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2021.08.027. PubMed PMID:34507832 .
  9. Rezende-Neto, JB, Camilotti, BG. New non-invasive device to promote primary closure of the fascia and prevent loss of domain in the open abdomen: a pilot study. Trauma Surg Acute Care Open. 2020;5 (1):e000523. doi: 10.1136/tsaco-2020-000523. PubMed PMID:33225070 PubMed Central PMC7661352.
  10. Prakash, PS, Moore, SA, Rezende-Neto, JB, Trpcic, S, Dunn, JA, Smoot, B et al.. Predictors of retained hemothorax in trauma: Results of an Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma multi-institutional trial. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2020;89 (4):679-685. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000002881. PubMed PMID:32649619 .
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Affiliations & Other Activities

  • Staff Surgeon, Division of General Surgery, St. Michael’s Hospital
  • Associate Professor, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto
  • Trauma and Acute Care Surgery Program