Nancy Baxter


Affiliate Scientist


Dr. Nancy Baxter is a clinical epidemiologist, colorectal surgeon and health services researcher.  She holds the positions of scientist in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael’s Hospital and Professor of Surgery at the University of Toronto. She is Head of the Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences at the University of Melbourne. She is also Full Professor in the Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation (IHMPE). Dr. Baxter is a Full Member of both the Institute of Medical Sciences (IMS) and School of Graduate Studies (SGS). She holds a Senior Scientist role in the Cancer Theme Group at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences.

Her main research interests are in the evaluation of patterns of cancer care, the evaluation of cancer screening, determining the long-term consequences of cancer care for survivors and improving the quality and safety of surgery. She has published over 250 peer reviewed articles and has extensive experience in the use of large administrative data and cancer registry data from both Canada and the United States.

Please note: Dr. Baxter is currently not accepting students.

Recent Publications

  1. Telesnicki, TT, Simpson, AN, de Mestral, C, Baxter, NN, Urbach, DR, Gomez, D et al.. Recommendations for Recovery of the COVID-19 Pandemic-related Diagnostic, Screening, and Procedure Backlog in Ontario: A Survey of Healthcare Leaders. Clin Invest Med. 2024;47 (2):4-11. doi: 10.3138/cim-2024-2655. PubMed PMID:38958478 .
  2. Kennedy, ED, Schmocker, S, Brown, C, Liberman, S, Baxter, NN, Drolet, S et al.. Nonoperative management protocol for locally advanced rectal cancer. Colorectal Dis. 2024;26 (6):1285-1291. doi: 10.1111/codi.17035. PubMed PMID:38797916 .
  3. Ruco, A, Moineddin, R, Sutradhar, R, Tinmouth, J, Li, Q, Rabeneck, L et al.. Duration of risk reduction in colorectal cancer incidence and mortality after a complete colonoscopy in Ontario, Canada: a population-based cohort study. Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2024;9 (7):601-608. doi: 10.1016/S2468-1253(24)00084-0. PubMed PMID:38761808 .
  4. Simpson, AN, Sutradhar, R, Benchimol, EI, Chan, WC, Porter, J, Moore, S et al.. Risk of Cesarean Delivery Among People With Inflammatory Bowel Disease According to Disease Characteristics: A Population-Based Study. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2024;46 (6):102463. doi: 10.1016/j.jogc.2024.102463. PubMed PMID:38631434 .
  5. O'Brien, MA, Lofters, A, Wall, B, Elliott, R, Makuwaza, T, Pietrusiak, MA et al.. Adaptation and qualitative evaluation of the BETTER intervention for chronic disease prevention and screening by public health nurses in low income neighbourhoods: views of community residents. BMC Health Serv Res. 2024;24 (1):427. doi: 10.1186/s12913-024-10853-z. PubMed PMID:38575938 PubMed Central PMC10993474.
  6. Sawka, AM, Ghai, S, Rotstein, L, Irish, JC, Pasternak, JD, Monteiro, E et al.. Decision Regret Following the Choice of Surgery or Active Surveillance for Small, Low-Risk Papillary Thyroid Cancer: A Prospective Cohort Study. Thyroid. 2024;34 (5):626-634. doi: 10.1089/thy.2023.0634. PubMed PMID:38481111 .
  7. Nantais, J, Baxter, NN, Saskin, R, Calzavara, A, Gomez, D. Short- and long-term outcomes of acute diverticulitis in patients with transplanted kidneys. Colorectal Dis. 2024;26 (4):734-744. doi: 10.1111/codi.16941. PubMed PMID:38459424 .
  8. Simpson, AN, Baxter, NN, Sorvari, A, Boury, H, Shore, EM, Bogler, T et al.. Strategies to support maternal and early childhood wellness: insight from parent and provider qualitative interviews during the COVID-19 pandemic. BMJ Open. 2024;14 (1):e079479. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2023-079479. PubMed PMID:38272559 PubMed Central PMC10824034.
  9. Dason, ES, Maxim, M, Gesink, D, Yee, M, Chan, C, Baxter, NN et al.. Medical Students' Perspectives on Family Planning and Impact on Specialty Choice. JAMA Surg. 2024;159 (2):170-178. doi: 10.1001/jamasurg.2023.6392. PubMed PMID:38090998 PubMed Central PMC10719828.
  10. Gupta, S, Li, Q, Kassam, A, Rapoport, A, Widger, K, Chalifour, K et al.. Specialty Palliative Care and Symptom Severity and Control in Adolescents and Young Adults With Cancer. JAMA Netw Open. 2023;6 (10):e2338699. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2023.38699. PubMed PMID:37862015 PubMed Central PMC10589816.
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Affiliations & Other Activities

  • Staff Surgeon, Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, St. Michael’s Hospital
  • Professor, Department of Surgery, Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation and Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto
  • Senior Scientist, Cancer Theme Group, Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences
  • Full Member, Institute of Medical Science