Nancy Baxter


Affiliate Scientist


Dr. Nancy Baxter is a clinical epidemiologist, colorectal surgeon and health services researcher.  She holds the positions of scientist in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael’s Hospital and Professor of Surgery at the University of Toronto. She is Head of the Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences at the University of Melbourne. She is also Full Professor in the Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation (IHMPE). Dr. Baxter is a Full Member of both the Institute of Medical Sciences (IMS) and School of Graduate Studies (SGS). She holds a Senior Scientist role in the Cancer Theme Group at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences.

Her main research interests are in the evaluation of patterns of cancer care, the evaluation of cancer screening, determining the long-term consequences of cancer care for survivors and improving the quality and safety of surgery. She has published over 250 peer reviewed articles and has extensive experience in the use of large administrative data and cancer registry data from both Canada and the United States.

Please note: Dr. Baxter is currently not accepting students.

Recent Publications

  1. Gupta, S, Li, Q, Kassam, A, Rapoport, A, Widger, K, Chalifour, K et al.. Specialty Palliative Care and Symptom Severity and Control in Adolescents and Young Adults With Cancer. JAMA Netw Open. 2023;6 (10):e2338699. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2023.38699. PubMed PMID:37862015 PubMed Central PMC10589816.
  2. Lapinsky, SC, Baxter, NN, Sutradhar, R, Everett, K, Porter, J, Kwong, JC et al.. A Population-Based Test-Negative Matched Case-Control Analysis of SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Effectiveness Among Pregnant People in Ontario, Canada. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2023; :102239. doi: 10.1016/j.jogc.2023.102239. PubMed PMID:37839731 .
  3. Dossa, F, Baxter, NN. The place of women in gastrointestinal medicine and surgery: the need for progress. Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2023;8 (11):965-966. doi: 10.1016/S2468-1253(23)00232-7. PubMed PMID:37837971 .
  4. Adi-Wauran, E, Clausen, M, Shickh, S, Gagliardi, AR, Denburg, A, Oldfield, LE et al.. "I just wanted more": Hereditary cancer syndromes patients' perspectives on the utility of circulating tumour DNA testing for cancer screening. Eur J Hum Genet. 2023; :. doi: 10.1038/s41431-023-01473-y. PubMed PMID:37821757 .
  5. Dossa, F, Baxter, NN. Understanding Tradeoffs in the Treatment of Rectal Cancer From the Patient Perspective. J Clin Oncol. 2023; :JCO2301469. doi: 10.1200/JCO.23.01469. PubMed PMID:37816200 .
  6. Farncombe, KM, Wong, D, Norman, ML, Oldfield, LE, Sobotka, JA, Basik, M et al.. Current and new frontiers in hereditary cancer surveillance: Opportunities for liquid biopsy. Am J Hum Genet. 2023;110 (10):1616-1627. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2023.08.014. PubMed PMID:37802042 PubMed Central PMC10577078.
  7. Stephenson, R, Sarhangian, V, Park, J, Sankar, A, Baxter, NN, Stukel, TA et al.. Evolution of the surgical procedure gap during and after the COVID-19 pandemic in Ontario, Canada: cross-sectional and modelling study. Br J Surg. 2023;110 (12):1887-1889. doi: 10.1093/bjs/znad289. PubMed PMID:37724806 PubMed Central PMC10638533.
  8. Sue-Chue-Lam, C, Brezden-Masley, C, Sutradhar, R, Yu, AYX, Baxter, NN. Trends and Prescriber Variation in the Duration of Oxaliplatin-Containing Adjuvant Chemotherapy for Stage III Colon Cancer From 2007 to 2019: A Population-Based Retrospective Cohort Study. Clin Colorectal Cancer. 2023;22 (4):431-441.e9. doi: 10.1016/j.clcc.2023.08.003. PubMed PMID:37648568 .
  9. Gomez, D, Stukel, TA, Baxter, NN, Acuna, SA, Wilton, AS, Treleaven, D et al.. A Population-Based Analysis of the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Solid Organ Transplantation in Ontario, Canada: Policy Response and Changes in Volume and 90-Day Outcomes. Ann Surg Open. 2023;4 (1):e230. doi: 10.1097/AS9.0000000000000230. PubMed PMID:37600867 PubMed Central PMC10431431.
  10. Shickh, S, Mighton, C, Clausen, M, Kodida, R, Adi-Wauran, E, Hirjikaka, D et al.. "I don't need any more unknowns hanging over my head": Views of patients with cancer on variants of uncertain significance and low/moderate risk results from genomic sequencing. Genet Med. 2023;25 (12):100960. doi: 10.1016/j.gim.2023.100960. PubMed PMID:37577963 .
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Affiliations & Other Activities

  • Staff Surgeon, Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, St. Michael’s Hospital
  • Professor, Department of Surgery, Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation and Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto
  • Senior Scientist, Cancer Theme Group, Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences
  • Full Member, Institute of Medical Science