Dr. Steve Lin is an emergency physician, trauma team leader, and scientist in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael’s Hospital. He is an Associate Professor and clinician-scientist in the Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Medicine with appointments at the Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, and the Institute of Medical Science at the University of Toronto. He is also an Adjunct Professor in the Department of Physics at Ryerson University. Dr. Lin’s translational research program aims to improve resuscitation and outcomes in cardiac arrest patients. He is the Co-PI of the Canadian Sudden Cardiac Arrest Network ( and of the CIHR-funded Epinephrine Dose: Optimal Versus Standard Evaluation (EpiDOSE) randomized controlled trial (NCT03826524).

Dr. Lin is an Advanced Cardiac Life Support medical director and instructor at the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, and is currently the medical director of the ACLS education program at Unity Health Toronto. He is an evidence reviewer for the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation and a chapter author for the 2015 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care.

Recent Publications

  1. Armour, R, Ghamarian, E, Helmer, J, Buick, JE, Thorpe, K, Austin, M et al.. Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Canadian emergency medical system management of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A retrospective cohort study. Resuscitation. 2024;194 :110054. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2023.110054. PubMed PMID:37992799 .
  2. Rahimi, M, Dorian, P, Cheskes, S, Lebovic, G, Lin, S. The Effect of Time to Treatment With Antiarrhythmic Drugs on Survival and Neurological Outcomes in Shock Refractory Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. Crit Care Med. 2023;51 (7):903-912. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000005846. PubMed PMID:37318289 .
  3. Myers, V, Mastoras, G, Lin, S, Gray, S. Just the facts: sodium bicarbonate usage in the emergency department. CJEM. 2023;25 (6):465-467. doi: 10.1007/s43678-023-00484-4. PubMed PMID:36967407 .
  4. Sem, M, Mastrangelo, E, Lightfoot, D, Aves, T, Lin, S, Mohindra, R et al.. The ability of machine learning algorithms to predict defibrillation success during cardiac arrest: A systematic review. Resuscitation. 2023;185 :109755. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2023.109755. PubMed PMID:36842672 .
  5. Fernando, SM, Mathew, R, Sadeghirad, B, Rochwerg, B, Hibbert, B, Munshi, L et al.. Epinephrine in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Network Meta-analysis and Subgroup Analyses of Shockable and Nonshockable Rhythms. Chest. 2023;164 (2):381-393. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2023.01.033. PubMed PMID:36736487 .
  6. Rennie, O, Lin, S, Mohindra, R. Resuscitation meets precision medicine: Towards a model of patient-centered, perfusion-guided cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Resusc Plus. 2022;12 :100313. doi: 10.1016/j.resplu.2022.100313. PubMed PMID:36211326 PubMed Central PMC9535313.
  7. Lin, S, Ramadeen, A, Sundermann, ML, Dorian, P, Fink, S, Halperin, HR et al.. Establishing a multicenter, preclinical consortium in resuscitation: A pilot experimental trial evaluating epinephrine in cardiac arrest. Resuscitation. 2022;175 :57-63. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2022.04.016. PubMed PMID:35472628 .
  8. Rahimi, M, Dorian, P, Cheskes, S, Lebovic, G, Lin, S. Effect of Time to Treatment With Antiarrhythmic Drugs on Return of Spontaneous Circulation in Shock-Refractory Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. J Am Heart Assoc. 2022;11 (6):e023958. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.121.023958. PubMed PMID:35243875 PubMed Central PMC9075276.
  9. Allan, KS, O'Neil, E, Currie, MM, Lin, S, Sapp, JL, Dorian, P et al.. Responding to Cardiac Arrest in the Community in the Digital Age. Can J Cardiol. 2022;38 (4):491-501. doi: 10.1016/j.cjca.2021.12.005. PubMed PMID:34954009 .
  10. Stoesser, CE, Boutilier, JJ, Sun, CLF, Brooks, SC, Cheskes, S, Dainty, KN et al.. Moderating effects of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest characteristics on the association between EMS response time and survival. Resuscitation. 2021;169 :31-38. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2021.10.014. PubMed PMID:34678334 .
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Affiliations & Other Activities

  • Emergency Physician and Trauma Team Leader, St. Michael’s Hospital
  • Associate Professor, Clinician-Scientist, Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto